- It is almost an obligation to take a tango class if this is your first visit to Buenos Aires.
- A great way to learn about the history of tango is to visit the neighborhoods where he was born, as San Telmo, La Boca, and Montserrat.
- The Argentine tango is a dance of passions and conflicts loving, nostalgias and dramas. Give yourself to these feelings when you're dancing and travels to the deep world of tango in body and soul.
History of Tango
The Tango originates between 1850 and 1890 on both banks of the Río de la Plata, Montevideo and Buenos Aires. This dance that originated in the port of Buenos Aires and quickly spread to the southern districts such as San Telmo, La Boca, Monserrat and Pompeii.
Buenos Aires and Montevideo had a similar socio-cultural situation due to the port activity and the massive immigration from different parts of Europe, mainly Italian and Spanish cuisine, which occurred in the late 19th and early 20th century in the area of the Río de la Plata.
The fusion of languages, knowledge and customs generated the phenomenon of tango and at the same time a language, lunfardo. This way of speaking took the words of some Italian dialects and other languages brought by immigrants, absorbed and adapted to the porteño.
In 1910, tango was danced in Paris, rapidly expanding its popularity throughout the world. The music conquered the highest sectors of society and was danced in almost all European capitals such as Paris, Madrid and Barcelona.
Outstanding personalities of Tango
- Carlos Gardel
Carlos Gardel is one of the largest references for tango. Gardel was baritone and his songs narrated the dramas of everyday life. Among their most popular items are back, and remembered the day you love me, downhill, by a head and Melodía de arrabal. His fame led him starring in 10 films. His tragic death in a plane crash in 1935 in the middle of a tour was the beginning of his legend. Argentina, France, and Uruguay dispute his place of birth.
- Roberto Goyeneche
His name is positioned among the most important in the history of the genre, not only because it was a fantastic singing, but also by the expressiveness of his phrasing, the way to place the voice, the management of the times, accents and silences, the strength of the very essence of tango, distinguish it from all the other singers of our time. His most remembered: "Malena", "Chau, no more" and "I am only". It was affectionately called the "Polish".
- Hugo del Carril
Hugo del Carril was an artist of multiple talents. In addition to the singer he was a writer, director and actor. Thanks to the admiration he had for Carlos Gardel launches as a singer in tango. She had a strong voice tone, always cataloged as GARDELIANA. His career had a rapid ascent to the summit because the cinema spread his image throughout Latin America.
- Aníbal Troilo
Aníbal Troilo or "Pichuco" was one of the major exponents of the instrument bandoneon. Talk about Troilo is to refer to orchestras monumental in classrooms full of dancers. Is the tango that puts to dance or pulls out tears for his melancholy. As director of the Orquesta Típica and the Cuarteto Aníbal Troilo made history with instrumental tangos and sung. Songs like South and Garúa are a sample of his particular style of feel the rhythm.
In 2005 the Argentine Congress declared the date of 11 July (birth of Aníbal Troilo), such as the National Day of the Bandoneon.
- Astor Piazzolla
The greatest exponent of the tango of the 20th century was Astor Piazzolla who redefined a whole genre. His arrangements revolutionized tango and is considered the founder of the New Tango. Broke all the rules. It was heavily criticized during his whole life for his music because society did not consider how to Tango. However, this happened more in the Republic of Argentina, the success of Astor focused more on the international. After his death, his music was recognized within the tango by the Argentines.
- Libertad Lamarque
The female voice more representative of the tango in the 1930s. It was a singer and actress that reached its peak of popularity and fame in 1930. Their varied presentations in much of the American continent earned him the nickname of "the bride of America"
- Tita Merello
Tita was an American actress and singer from Argentina, dubbed as "La Morocha argentina" although perhaps her career brightness in his facet as an actress in the 1990s 40' and 50', is still remembered by their masterful interpretations of tango.
- Enrique Santos Discépolo
He was an artist all-rounder. He was a composer, musician, actor, and filmmaker. Known as discepolín is especially remembered for composing great tangos regarded as the "fundamental tangos" or "tangos de oro". Due to their political ideologies was very censored in his time. The lyrics to his songs are often cited in academic papers. Topics such as Yira Yira, Cambalache, and one are some of his reflections on human life in the 20th century.
- Osvaldo Pugliese
Osvaldo was one of the great representatives of the tango milonguero. Coming from a family of musicians, as a young man was reluctant to follow this profession. However, it took him a taste of music is already more adult. According to the historians, Osvaldo Pugliese was a double revolutionary, in the music with his tangos and in politics.
Tango Festival and World
From 2009 takes place annually in Buenos Aires at the World Championship of Dance of Tango. The competition is divided into two categories: tango and tango scene of track.
The competition is held in the month of August and joins the Festival of Tango. The festival offers free activities from concerts, exhibits, classes and shows up to thematic products fair. The two events are simultaneous and complementary.
The World Tango of Buenos Aires is the tango event of a greater international impact. Represents a passion that captivates followers from all over the world and is organized by the Ministry of Culture of Buenos Aires from a decade ago.
How do you dance?
The dance of tango has four basic components: the embrace strait, the walk, the court and the quebrada, understood these last two classical terms as the axis of improvisation and choreographic figures of dance and that are known under the generic name of "firulete".
In the tango, the couple must make figures, pauses, and improvised movements, called cuts, ravines and twists, different for each of them, without coming loose. Is the embrace which makes it difficult to combine in a single choreography the improvisations of both.
In Buenos Aires, there are places that evoke the tango just by looking at it or its decoration or even by its history. Here's a list of some of the most representative places of tango.
Corner of San Juan and Boedo
The famous corner immortalized in the tango "Sur" written by the popular Homero Manzi, author of well-known tango and an intellectual committed to the people. It was a meeting place for family and friends, and for the famous literary current of Boedo to which Homer belonged.
Museo Carlos Gardel
The Museo Carlos Gardel is located in the heart of the neighborhood of El Abasto, in the house where the singer bought his mother in 1927. The construction is carefully decorated with relics, old, covers of newspapers and magazines with the smile of the "Zorzal Criollo".
In the Old Warehouse (Balcarce and independence), built in 1780, relive the unforgettable footprint Edmundo Rivero, the "Polaco" Goyeneche, Aníbal Troilo, Osvaldo Pugliese, and Horacio Salgán, among others. The former mansion was also a hospital, wine cellar, and restaurant until at the end of the 60 was transformed into the most famous tango venue in Buenos Aires.
In the Plaza Dorrego in San Telmo neighborhood there is a milonga in solidarity to open sky, the favorite of young people whose entry is "to the CAP" and accepting non-perishable food for community kitchens.
The Walk "Caminito" is one of the most emblematic of the city, with its colorful houses, canteens, crafts, samples of paintings. La Boca was one of the neighborhoods where it originated this dance, next to the brothels of the port, and is still present with couples dancing in the street. The photograph is inevitable.
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